a list compiled by Alex Kasman (College of Charleston)

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36 Arguments for the Existence of God (2010)
Rebecca Goldstein
(click on names to see more mathematical fiction by the same author)

This new novel by Rebecca Goldstein, whose Strange Attractors is one of my favorite works of mathematical fiction, features as two main characters a woman known as "the goddess of game theory" and a Hasidic six-year-old mathematical genius. According to the cover:

(quoted from 36 Arguments for the Existence of God)

At the center: Cass Seltzer, a professor of psychology whose book, The Varieties of Religious Illusion, has become a surprise best seller. He's been dubbed “the atheist with a soul,” and his sudden celebrity has upended his life. He wins over the stunning Lucinda Mandelbaum—“the goddess of game theory”—and loses himself in a spiritually expansive infatuation. A former girlfriend appears: an anthropologist who invites him to join in her quest for immortality through biochemistry. But he is haunted by reminders of the two people who ignited his passion to understand religion: his teacher Jonas Elijah Klapper, a renowned literary scholar with a suspicious obsession with messianism, and an angelic six-year-old mathematical genius, heir to the leadership of an exotic Hasidic sect. The rush of events in a single dramatic week plays out Cass's conviction that the religious impulse spills out into life at large.

Of course, as the title suggests, the main focus of the novel is a sort of exploration of reasons to believe in God. The titles of the chapters have cute names like "The Argument from Dappled Things" and (more mathematically) "The Argument from Prime Numbers". However, one should not look to this book for serious arguments for the existence of a supreme being. In fact, the appendix to the book enumerates the flaws in each of the arguments, which might itself seem like an argument in the opposite direction. In the end, rather than being about logical arguments why people should believe, it is more of an emotional investigation of why they want to.

Still, there is enough math here to include the book on this list. It comes in the form of matrices of the sort that game theorists like to make, but here applied to the question of whether the two partners in a romance should say "I love you". (Unlike some lame mathematical romance of the form "you + me = love" that one sees in other mathematical fiction, this actually is a reasonable even if unorthodox application, with s surprise twist ending.) Another source of math in the book is the young son of a rabbi who has great insights into the properties of the natural numbers (e.g. primes, squares, factorials, and their relationships) despite lacking any formal training. This prodigy re-enters the story at age 16 when a famous mathematician meets with him to convince him to attend MIT. Finally, another woman in Cass' life is a poet named Pascale whose father is a mathematician in France. Ironically, she is named after Blaise Pascal, but does not believe in probability theory. (She insists that any event has a probability of either zero or infinity!)

Contributed by Hauke Reddmann

The MF page was actually the inspiration to read this book. Lo and behold, my lib had it and my evil twin didn't hog it. Overall I'd say Goldstein pulled a 'Nick Harkaway' - so many memorable ideas, so little algorithmic compression. If one likes to be mean: what was said about the in-universe book of the "atheist with a soul" (the annex should be the book, and the book should be the annex) describes her own book perfectly. Oh the meta. (Intentional? :-) But then, I'm too alexithymic anyway to be a fair reviewer of what might be termed a romantic novel - I'm more the fan of BANG! MIND-BLOWING SF IDEA! THE END!, a genre that is dead, pending a short revival by Greg Egan. My rating: ***/5"

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Works Similar to 36 Arguments for the Existence of God
According to my `secret formula', the following works of mathematical fiction are similar to this one:
  1. Strange Attractors by Rebecca Goldstein
  2. Pascal's Wager by Nancy Rue
  3. The Mind-Body Problem by Rebecca Goldstein
  4. The God Patent by Ransom Stephens
  5. Lucy and David and the God Equation by Alan McKenzie
  6. Freud's Megalomania: A Novel by Israel Rosenfield
  7. A Universe of Sufficient Size by Miriam Sved
  8. The Tenth Muse by Catherine Chung
  9. Bonita Avenue by Peter Buwalda
  10. A Doubter's Almanac by Ethan Canin
Ratings for 36 Arguments for the Existence of God:
RatingsHave you seen/read this work of mathematical fiction? Then click here to enter your own votes on its mathematical content and literary quality or send me comments to post on this Webpage.
Mathematical Content:
3/5 (1 votes)
Literary Quality:
4/5 (2 votes)

MotifProdigies, Academia, Female Mathematicians, Romance, Religion,
TopicAlgebra/Arithmetic/Number Theory, Real Mathematics, Logic/Set Theory,

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Exciting News: The 1,600th entry was recently added to this database of mathematical fiction! Also, for those of you interested in non-fictional math books let me (shamelessly) plug the recent release of the second edition of my soliton theory textbook.

(Maintained by Alex Kasman, College of Charleston)